Historic, Archive Document

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THE GROWER'S GUIDE

DISTRIBUTED BY THE IMLAY CO.

Distributors of ASGROW Vegetable Seeds Nursery Florist ZANESVILLE, OHIO

PLANTING TABLE

* When plants are raised in greenhouse or hotbed. + Varies with method of cultivation, etc.

. Seed for Seed for +Inches || Inches apart +Planting Species 100 ft. row one acre between rows in row depth, inches

Beans, Bush VY, Ib. 50-70 Ib. 24-30 3-4 1% Beans, Pole 6 oz 30-40 Ib. 36-48 9, or hills 1%

Lima beans, bush 8 oz. 35-60 lb. 24-30 3-4 1%

Lima beans, pole Op Ley 25-40 lb. 36-48 9, or hills 1% Beet Ys oz. 8-10 Ib. 14-24 3-4 VW Broccoli Ye oz. *4 oz. 24-30 16-20 Yy Cabbage Ye 02. *4 oz. 24-30 16-20 Y Cantaloupe Y oz. 2-3 |b. 50-60 36-60 1 Carrot pes 2-3 Ib. 24-30 2-3 y, Cauliflower Y oz. *4 oz. 24-30 16-20 Yy Celery Ye, oz 4 oz. 24-42 4-5 \% Corn, Sweet 2EOzt 6-8 lb. 36-42 9-12 1 Cucumber Y% oz. 1-2 Ib: 48-60 18-36 34 Egg Plant Ye, oz. Y-Y lb. 36-48 30-36 VA Endive Y% oz. 2-3 Ib, 18-24 8-10 Y, Kale Ym oz. Y Ib. 24-36 15-24 \Y Kohl Rabi Y oz. Y, |b. 18-24 8 VA Lettuce Y% oz. 2-3 |b. 16-24 10-14 %G Muskmelon VY oz. 2-3 Ib. 60-70 36-60 1 Mustard Y oz. il Wop 18-24 6-9 Y% Okra Y oz. 5-6 lb. 36-42 15 1 Onion Y oz. 3-4 Ib. 15-30 3-4 % Parsley Vandi: 4 |b. 12-18 3-6 y Parsnip Vaz. 4-5 lb. 18-24 3-4 Y Peas Y%-1 Ib. 4-5 bu. 24-36 2 1 Pepper Mg 02. *4 oz. 30 24-30 Yu Pumpkin Ye 072. 1-2 Ib. 8-10 ft 5-6 ft. 1 Radish VY OZ. 4-6 lb. 12-15 12 l, Rutabaga Ye oz. A lbs. 18-24 4-8 Y% Spinach Y% oz. +10-15 lb. 14-24 5-6 ¥ Squash, Bush wy oz. 3-4 Ib. 36-48 36 1 Squash, Vining VY oz eel. 6-8 ft 5-6 ft 1 Swiss Chard VYivoz: 3-4 |b. 24-30 12-20 WA Tomato We OZ. 4 oz. 36-48 36-48 Yy Turnip Y oz. 2-3 Ib. 12-24 3-7 Yy Watermelon Vemozs 3-4 Ib. 8-10 ft. 8 ft. A

|| The figures refer to stand of plants, not rate of seeding. f t For medium soils. A little more in sandy soils, a little less in heavy soils. Moisture is also a factor.

COATED SEEDS—THE GARDENER'S NEWEST AID

When even the smaller seeds can be coated so that they are as easy tO sOW as peas, you save time in setting out the garden and still more by abolishing’ the tedious work of thin- ning, with its risk of disturbing the roots of plants left standing. Several varieties of the smaller seeds are now available from Asgrow

dealers, coated with a neutral medium by the new Filtrol process which, in our judgment, gives the best results. You will find them in our Filcoat seed packets and we recommend you to try them and see for yourself how much easier they make your gardening in Spring. For the commercial grower, orders can be filled on a custom basis.

What means

lo the gardener

In brief, it means an opportunity to raise vegetables of higher quality, often com- bined with heavier yield and greater resist- ance to disease, through the use of seeds which have been bred to that end.

Here’s the story behind these seeds: In 1927, three of the oldest seed growing firms in this country joined forces under the title of Associated Seed Growers, Inc. Their principal business has been for nearly a century the breeding and grow- ing of dependable strains of vegetable seeds. Although this business started, and now has its headquarters, in the East, most of the seed is grown in the West. At the present time, in addition to the many thousands of acres planted in our seed production, we have more than 1,000 acres devoted exclusively to breeding work.

Asgrow breeding stations are operated in eight different sections of the country, be- cause work on the different vegetables should be done in sections where those vegetables can be most advantageously grown. Similarly, much of our work in de- veloping strains that will be resistant to disease is carried on in those sections where disease is causing most trouble.

Our staff engaged in this work is com- posed of plant breeders and seedsmen thoroughly trained in the seed business, and this staff is directed and supervised by

men of scientific and technical skill. Their first duty is the maintenance of Asgrow stocks of accepted varieties true to type and free from reversion to the more rugged forms of wild nature. Extended programs of breeding and hybridization are also continually in progress toward the introduction of desirable character- istics and the development of improved new varieties, for which we have been awarded 21 medals by the All-America Selections in the past 15 years.

Every season, while our crops are grow- ing, our experienced field men keep con- stant watch over the purity of the stocks and supervise the roguing, cultivation and harvesting of the crops, in order to be sure that the care taken in developing the parent stocks may show to full ad- vantage in the seed crops.

In the fall the crops are brought into our thirty-odd warehouses and fitting plants. These are located in the principal producing sections of the country—mostly in the West. Here the crops are milled and fitted for shipment, and samples are sent to our seed laboratories to be tested for vitality.

This comprehensive program of scientific breeding and careful production is what warrants the confidence of the gardener and justifies the slogan

Asgrow Seeds are bred—not just grown

Seer creo |

A living trade mark, at our Eastern breeding station on the famous Merritt Parkway in Connecticut.

BEANS—Bush

Plant only in warm, well-prepared soil, about 4” apart, 1Y%"—2” deep. Under hand

cultivation and in poor soil rows may be 18-24" apart; in rich fields under horse or

tractor cultivation, 30-36". Cultivate only before blooming and never when wet. Pick

frequently as pods approach maturity, to get full yield. Plant a succession every two weeks to insure supplies throughout the season.

Green Pods

Asgrow Black Valentine: 50 days. The most

popular bean for shipping and market. Plant vigorous and prolific; pods oval, dark green, stringless, and of excellent quality.

Asgrow Stringless Green Pod (Tendergreen): 50 days. Plant hardy and strong; pods stringless, fiberless, dark green, round and nearly straight.

Bountiful: 47 days. Early market variety with light green, flat pods.

Burpee’s Stringless: 50 days. Round, slightly

curved pods of fine flavor.

Dwart Horticultural: Used both for snap beans (54 days) and green shelled beans (62 days).

Florida Belle: 59 days. Resistant to some forms of rust. Pods oval, straight and of good length.

Full Measure: 53 days. Under favorable con- ditions a most excellent bean with plentiful stringless, tender, round pods.

53 days. Large, stringless and brittle,

Giant Stringless Green Pod: long straight pods, medium green.

Plentiful: 50 days. Strong and productive plants, with flat pods, stringless and brittle.

Ranger (see front cover): 56 days. Introduced by us in 1947, this unusual variety is widely praised for yield and quality. Plants spreading, with half runners on which pods are borne later than the heavy center set. Pods silvery green, of very fine quality whether used fresh, frozen, canned or for dry beans. Seeds white and small.

Wax

Brittle Wax (Round Pod Kidney Wax): 53 days. Handsome round pods of fine quality.

Cherokee: 5() days. A new, attractive variety similar to Asgrow Black Valentine except for the golden wax color of the pods. The most prolific wax-podded variety, equal in yield to the best green-podded types.

Asgrow Black Valentine: the leading shipping variety

Red Valentine, Stringless: 54 days. Pods slight- ly shorter and more curved than Red Valentine.

Rival: 50 days. Plant vigorous, highly tolerant to common bean mosaic. Pods yellowish green, slightly creasebacked, straight and smooth.

Tenderlong: 48 days. A new Asgrow variety resistant to mosaic; early, hardy and _ heavy yielding. Pods long, round, shapely, dark green, stringless and of extra quality.

Tennessee Green Pod: 5(0 days. Of fine flavor though not stringless. Pods large, broad, flat.

Topcrop: 5() days. A new introduction by the U.S.D.A., resistant to mosaic; very prolific. Pods round, very straight and stringless.

Pods

Pencil Pod: 55 days. Pods golden yellow, round, creasebacked, fleshy, brittle, stringless.

Sure Crop: 53 days. Thick-flat, golden yellow pods, stringless, brittle and well flavored.

Top Notch: 51 days. Straight, thick-flat, string- less, creamy yellow pods.

BEANS—Pole

Plant a little later than dwarf beans when the ground is warmer. Poles 7-8 ft. above

ground should be about 4 ft. apart. Three or four poles may be pulled together at the

top and tied, for rigidity. Round each pole set 6 beans 114” deep, thinning to 4 per

pole later. Pole beans repay this work by heavier yields and longer picking seasons

than bush beans. Allow about 1 lb. per 100 poles; 30-40 lb. per acre, depending on the size of the seed.

Blue Lake: 64 days. Popular for canning and freezing because of its neat, straight, almost round, dark green pods. A stringless strain has been developed by our Pacific Coast breeding station.

Kentucky Wonder: 65 days. The Asgrow strain represents a thoroughbred development of this old favorite. Plants tall and prolific; pods in clusters, long, curved, round, fiberless and brittle.

Kentucky Wonder Wax: 68 days. The standard wax pole bean. Flat pods, nearly stringless.

London Horticultural (Speckled Cranberry): 70 days. Medium-sized pods, dark green when young, stringless, slightly curved.

McCaslan: 65 days. Widely grown throughout the South. Large, thick-flat, green pods, string- less when young, and of good flavor.

Missouri Wonder: 66 days. Used when young for snaps; later as dry shell beans. Pods shorter, broader and flatter than Kentucky Wonder.

Potomac: 66 days. A strong climber, bearing a heavy crop of very trim, dark green pods of medium size, practically round and _ straight, entirely stringless and of fine eating quality.

Striped Creaseback (Genuine Cornfield): 72 days. Round, straight, creasebacked pods, green at picking stage; of good quality, though with slight string.

LIMA BEANS

While the culture of Lima beans is in general the same as that of green and wax podded beans, they require a rich soil and must not be planted until soil is thoroughly warmed.

Bush Varieties

Baby Potato: 72 days. All-America Silver Medal. Plant similar to Henderson’s Bush but more prolific; seeds small but plump, bright green when fresh and of Fordhook flavor.

Burpee’s: 77 days. A large-seeded variety with 3 to 4 broad, flat beans to the pod.

Burpee’s Improved: 75 days. Larger and more prolific than Burpee’s; beans average 4 per pod.

Clark’s Bush: 67 days. An attractive Asgrow variety, similar to Henderson’s Bush but with the notable difference that the beans are of pleas- ing green color and very free from whites.

Fordhook, Asgrow Concentrated: 71. days. Plants stocky and prolific; pods concentrated for position and time of maturity, each with 3 to 5 large oval beans of rich flavor and high food value.

Fordhook 242: 75 days. Of Fordhook type es- pecially bred by the U.S.D.A. to set pods and produce a crop in hot weather.

Henderson’s Bush: 65 days. A Baby Lima, known in the South as Butter Bean. Pods con-

4

tain 3 to 4 small beans, pale green when young.

Jackson Wonder: 65 days. An old Southern favorite. Flat pods have 3 to 4 mottled beans.

Pole Varieties

Giant Butter Speckled: 90 days. Stands up well in summer weather. Beans buff, spotted brown- ish red. Pods in clusters, 4 or 5 seeds per pod.

King of the Garden: 88 days. A general fa- vorite for its hardiness and vigor, Produces a

heavy yield of pods containing 4 or 5 large, oval, greenish white beans.

Sieva: 77 days. Also known as Small White, in reference to the beans, but the plants are tall and prolific. Pods have 3 to 4 beans of ex- cellent table quality.

Se

BEET

While beets will flourish in any reasonably good soil that is not acid, provided it is properly fertilized and cultivated, they do best in deep sandy loam. The soil should be well worked first and if smooth roots are wanted, fresh manure must not be used. Sow about 12 seeds per foot Y2" deep m drills 18’ apart, rolling the earth after planting. Plants should be thinned out to 3” or 4" apart; this may be done when they are 2” high or they may be left until they reach 6” when those lifted can be used for greens. To have supplies through the season, plant in succession every 10 days or so. Beets are at their best when about 2” in diameter.

Asgrow Canner: 65 days. All-America Silver Medal, 1936. Bred primarily for home and com- mercial canning, but also widely used as a

Asgrow Wonder: 57 days. All-America Gold Medal, 1934. Recognized by this award as a variety of supreme excellence, its performance

table beet because of its very deep, attractive color and superior quality. Smooth, globe shaped roots, with small neck. Tops medium and erect.

for market growers and shippers since then has confirmed it in a position of leadership. Deepest red all through, semi-flat with rounded bottom,

large, extra flavor and quality, smooth skin, 15” tops for good bunching. Unsurpassed in earli- ness, uniformity, and in depth of interior color.

Crosby’s Egyptian: 60 days. A standard early variety, very popular with market gardeners, as the tops bunch well and it makes a good ap- pearance with dark red, flat-globe shaped roots.

Detroit Dark Red: 68 days. A leading main crop sort and seen at its finest in the pure-bred Asgrow strain. Tops small and erect, dark green tinged with red. Roots globular, uniform, at- tractive, with deep red flesh.

Early Blood Turnip: 68 days. An old-time fa- vorite. Tops medium and rather bushy. Its name indicates shape and color of roots. A good keeper.

Early Flat Red Egyptian: 54 days. Used in the North for forcing and transplanting from hotbeds to catch the early markets.

Perfected Detroit: 70 days. A very popular variety both for market gardens and canning; roots globular, flesh dark red, of good quality.

Asgrow Wonder

SWISS CHARD (Leaf Beet)

A beet that 1s grown for its leaves and chards, or stalks, but not its roots. An excellent vegetable for the home garden, as when the outer leaves are picked the others continue to grow, assuring a supply of tasteful greens throughout the summer and fall. The ribs may be served creamed like asparagus, the leafy part like spinach. Thin to 12” apart.

Fordhook Giant: crumpled, dark green; white.

Lucullus: The most popular sort. Erect and vigorous, with stout, white stalks and large, crumpled, bright yellowish green leaves.

Tall, sturdy; leaves heavily stems broad, thick,

BROCCOLI

A delicious table vegetable, increasing greatly in popularity. Cultivate as for cabbage.

De Cicco: 80 days: A second early type. Head large, somewhat loose, followed by many shoots.

Early Green Sprouting (Calabrese): /7() days from setting of plants. The plant first produces an attractive, compact head of bluish green. After this main head has been cut, side shoots develop with small heads.

Medium Green Sprouting: 95 days. Adapted to the Pacific Coast and South- west. Taller plant forms large, compact, well colored head.

Broccoli Rab (Italian Turnip): See p. 24.

CAULIFLOWER

The cauliflower is a member of the Cabbage family and should be similarly cultivated. Allow about 60 days from setting out plants to picking. To blanch the head; the outer leaves should be loosely gathered round it and tied.

Snowball (Snowdrift): The best and most widely Super-Snowball: Preferred for the main crop used variety. Dwarf plants with medium, solid by many market growers. Medium large, well- pure white heads of the finest quality. shaped heads, blanching white and clean.

CHINESE CABBAGE PE-TSAI

Also known as Celery Cabbage, though it 13

not a true cabbage and grows more like a cos

lettuce. It matures in 70-80 days and plant-

ing should be timed to avoid heading during

hot weather, in which it bolts to seed. Dif-

ficult to transplant. Thin to 12”—-16” in rows. Tie up the outer leaves to blanch.

Chihli: The tall early variety, standing 18”-20” x 314” at base; somewhat tapered at tip, solid, sweet and tender.

Wong Bok: Shorter and stouter than Chihli; 8”-9” in diameter and 11”-12” high. This variety is pop- : ular in the South where it is often known simply Chinese Cabbage, Chihli as Pe-tsai.

CABBAGE

The earliest cabbages are started under glass and transplanted when 4’-6" high,

into rows 2-21ft. apart with 18” between plants. Later, larger sorts need a Uittle

more room. Each ounce of seed should produce about 3,000 plants and an acre of cabbage will contain 12,000-15,000 plants.

Days given below are from setting of plants to marketable heads.

Yellows-resistant Varieties

Essential to the grower in yellows-infested areas.

Cabbage yellows or wilt is a serious disease which makes the plants turn yellowish, wilt and curl up. It is caused by a fungus in the soil and there is no known remedy once the plants have become infected. Where the disease exists, only yellows-resistant varieties should be planted.

All Seasons (Succession): 88 days. A very de- pendable cropper. Heads large, become solid early.

Marion Market: 79 days. Developed from Co- penhagen Market but with slightly larger, round, firm heads. Valuable for early kraut.

- Resistant Golden Acre: 65 days. A resistant strain of the well-known extra early variety. Wisconsin Hollander: 105 days. Similar to

Danish Balk Head. Large, firm, flattened globe- shaped heads. Very hardy and a good keeper.

Standard Varieties

Charleston Wakefield: 74 days. A heavy yield- ing, conical-headed sort largely used in South- ern planting for shipment to Northern markets. Larger than Jersey Wakefield.

Copenhagen Market: 69 days. An excellent early variety for shipping or kraut. Heads round and solid, 314-4 lb. weight; of superior quality.

Danish Ball Fed

Danish Ball Head (Hollander): 1()3 days. The leading variety for kraut, storage or shipping. Head deep, round, very hard; interior compact.

Early Round Dutch: 71 days. Heads nearly round, deep, solid. Plants small, stem short.

Marion Market

Glory of Enkhuizen: 77 days. Large, round, solid heads, few outer leaves, of excellent quality.

Golden Acre: 64 days. Outstanding for the earliest markets of the season. Similar to Copen- hagen Market but somewhat smaller and earlier.

Green Acre: 66 days. A selected strain of Golden Acre; holds its fine color well. Valued for shipping.

Jersey Wakefield: 63 days. Popular for the earliest markets. Heads cone-shaped, small, compact; inside white, crisp and tender; about 21% |b.

Mammoth Red Rock: 100 days. Large, round, solid heads of purple-red color. A good keeper.

Premium Late Flat Dutch (Drumhead): 100 days. A big, solid, late variety of great popularity because of its heavy yield and quality.

Savoy, Perfection Drumhead: 9( days. Prte- ferred by cabbage connoisseurs. Crinkled dark leaves, solid round heads, of high quality and flavor.

Stein’s Flat Dutch: 90 days. A medium early, heavy producer: of large, solid, somewhat flat- tened heads. Used chiefly for the fall crop.

CANTALOUPE and MUSKMELON

Muskmelons are the older type; large, heavily ribbed and adapted only to road stands and nearby markets. Cantaloupes are smaller but with firmer, finer grained flesh, smaller seed cavities, less ribbed and more netted, of better quality and adapted for shipping. Plant 6 or 8 seeds in hills about 6 ft. by © ft., or drill in rows, 4-5 ft. apart when the

soil 1s warmed. Thin out to 2 or 3 plants per hill when grown to 4

tr

Hearts of Gold

Delicious

Orange- or Salmon-fleshed

Banana: 90 days. 314-4 lb. Shaped like a huge banana. Very fragrant, salmon-tinted flesh.

Delicious: 83 days. An improved strain of Bender’s Surprise. Earlier, slightly smaller, but thick-fleshed and of excellent quality.

Hale’s Best No. 36: 80 days. This improved strain has almost entirely replaced the older Hale’s Best. A popular shipping cantaloupe, heavily netted, oval, sweet, of very fine quality.

Hale’s Best Jumbo Strain: A larger strain, pre- ferred by some shippers for its size.

Hearts of Gold: 90 days. Fruits about 5” diam- eter and 2 Ib. weight. Distinctly ribbed. Juicy, sweet and aromatic.

The Asgrow strain of Hale's Best No; 36

Honey Rock (Sugar Rock): 81 days. Nearly round, about 514” diameter and 4 Ib. weight. Thick, juicy, orange-salmon flesh. Grown for nearby markets or home use.

No. 45: 85 days. Extensively grown for resist- ance to powdery mildew. Similar to Hale’s Best but faintly ribbed. A good shipper.

Pride of Wisconsin (Queen of Colorado): 90 days. A cross between Honey Rock and Hearts

of Gold. Flesh sweet and of fine flavor. Fruits 33% Ib:

Tip Top: 90 days. An excellent melon for home or local market. Large, 6-7 lb. weight, ribbed; flesh bright salmon, sweet and spicy.

Green-fleshed

Honey Dew: 115 days. A big, round, smooth melon of distinctive flavor, for warm climates only.

Rocky Ford (Netted Gem): 92 days. Strong, prolific vines; melons nearly round, about 5” diameter; neatly ribless. Flesh sweet, green, juicy, spicy, and of good quality.

CARROT

A light deep soil is best, preferably fertilized the previous season, otherwise enriched with old manure; new manure and lack of cultivation lead to split and crooked roots. Sow a succession of plantings in rows 14” or more apart, thinning out later to 2-3” between plants. Allow one-quarter ounce of seed for 200 ft. of row; 3 lb. for an acre.

Chantenay: 72 days. An all-purpose variety, shorter and thicker than Imperator, 5”-6” long, blunt-ended, deep orange with indistinct core.

Imperator: 77 days. All-America Silver Medal, 1933. Tops medium, just right for bunching. Roots have rounded shoulders and taper uniformly to a semi-blunt end, 7”-8” long, rich orange in section, with indistinct core; fine grained, tender, sweet and of excellent quality.

Long Orange: 88 days. Large and productive; for table or stock.

Nancy: 70 days. An Asgrow introduction bred to provide a variety intermediate between Nantes and Chantenay. Roots larger at shoulder than Nantes, tapering slightly to blunt end; pes short, strongly attached. Flesh deep red-orange, crisp, tender.

Imperator

Nantes: 70 days. A deservedly popular variety, of trim, cylindrical shape, with small tops. Crisp, tender and of delicate flavor. Unsurpassed for the home garden.

Oxheart: 72 days. Stocky, blunt, rather coarse roots, used chiefly for stock feed.

Red Core Chantenay: 72 days. Somewhat shorter than Chantenay. Reddish orange flesh with faint core. Strong tops. Very desirable for either market or canning.

Red Core Danvers: 75 days. Our selected long strain, well received where uniform color is desired. Broad shoulder tapering gently to blunt point. Of fine quality.

Nancy

A large field of Imperator carrot

CELERY

Celery is usually begun in cold frames as the seedlings do not thrive in temperatures below 45°. A well-pulverized and fertilized seed bed is essential, kept moist but not wet. Sow in rows 4" apart, allowing one level teaspoonful of seed to 6 ft. of row and dust over with finely sifted soil mixed with a little zinc oxide to prevent damping off. When seedlings are well started thin out to 3” apart and when 6” high transplant to a rich field, setting in double rows 3-31 ft. apart with 8” between double rows and 4°—5” between plants. Blanching 1s then usually done by boards or heavy paper strips placed on either side of the rows. Where soil is used for blanching, the crop is set im single rows somewhat wider apart.

Golden Self-Blanching—crisp and brittle

Giant Pascal: Good for fall and winter storage; stalks long, broad, with nutty flavor and dark green foliage.

Golden Plume (Wonderful): Resembles Golden Self-Blanching but is earlier and larger. Shows considerable resistance to blight and rust. Com- pact, thick hearts, of excellent flavor.

Golden Self-Blanching: A popular variety for market garden or home. Medium tall, compact, with thick, crisp, brittle stalks that blanch easily and golden yellow foliage.

Utah: A green-stemmed variety. Stocky, full hearted and compact. Stems thick, broad, well rounded, of fine nutty flavor and quality.

Celery seed requires great care in production to avoid green or hollow-stemmed hearts and early seeding plants. As the best seed costs so

little in proportion to the total expenses of the crop, the grower should insist on the highest quality.

COLLARD

Georgia: The old standard variety. Plant to 3 ft. tall, vigorous, tolerant of adverse conditions

of weather and soil.

10

SWEET CORN

The great advances in vegetable quality, disease- resistance and yielding power made possible in recent years by the new science of genetics are nowhere better seen than in corn. The greatest triumph of corn-breeding is in the development, through inbreeding and crossing, of hybrids which accentuate the best features of both their parents and have amazing strength, uniformity and yielding power. So successful have these

new hybrids proven that the demand for seed has Jed to supplies which are sometimes of doubtful or unknown origin. With his crop at stake, the grower should make sure, before planting hybrid seed, that it was produced by breeders who have skill and experience in this wotk and whose hybrid stocks have demon- strated their value and local adaptability.

Corn should be planted only in warm, well worked soil, either in rows or groups,

commonly known as hills, because it was formerly the practice to hoe up earth

around the stalks. If planted in rows, the rows should be 3-31 ft. apart, depending

on the size of the variety, planted 4 or 5 seeds per foot, and thinned out later to

9”-12” apart. If planted in hills, the hills should be about 3 feet apart, sown with 5

or © seeds, to be thinned out to 3 or 4 plants per hill. To insure good pollination and well filled ears, do not plant a single row, but several short ones.

Hybrids

Calumet (No. 57): 86 days. A recent Asgrow introduction, widely adapted. Plant vigorous, relatively drought-resistant, almost suckerless. Ears 814” long, slender, cylindrical, well filled to tip, mainly 12-14 rowed. Very uniform in maturing, high yielding, and suitable for mech- anical harvesting.

Carmelcross: 79 days. A second early hybrid. Vigorous and heavy yielding in comparison to its earliness. Medium sized, gently tapering ears, with 12-14 rows of yellow kernels.

Country Gentleman 8 x 6: 99 days. A drought- resistant hybrid for the Midwest. Ears large, with fine white kernels set irregularly.

Erie: 88 days. An Asgrow hybrid, having cyl- indrical ears slightly tapered, 9” long, mainly 12-14 rowed. Plants wilt resistant and vigorous, 6” taller than Golden Cross Bantam.

Golden Cross Bantam: 85 days. The _ best known and most adaptable yellow hybrid. Very sturdy and reliable, showing high resistance to bacterial wilt (Stewart's disease). Ears 8” long, 10-14 rows, of top quality.

Golden Hybrid No. 2439: 87 days. An excep- tionally fine hybrid in eastern and far western states especially. Strong and prolific plants, with large, 14-16 rowed ears having long husks.

Calumet

Golden Cross Bantam

Oto: Erte

Huron Pawnee

Hybrids (continued)

Huron: 89 days: New Asgrow hybrid, showing unusual resistance to heat and drought. Ears 12-16 rowed, deeper and narrower than Golden Cross Bantam, and lighter in color. Yield is higher, in both gross weight and husked corn.

Ioana: 87 days. All-America Bronze Medal. An attractive variety, very resistant to drought and wilt; ears 8” long, 12-14 rows of light yel- low kernels.

Marcross C13.6: 76 days. A very good type for the first corn of the season. Thrifty plants, resistant to wilt. Ears are medium large, 10-14 rowed and of creamy yellow color.

Oto: 87 days. A long eared, wilt resistant Asgrow hybrid. Ears 8-12 rowed with unusual- ly small cob and excellent husk coverage. Plant very vigorous, relatively drought-resistant, 14” taller than Golden Cross Bantam.

Pawnee: 88 days. Developed to produce high yields even under conditions of heat and drought. Ears 814” long, cylindrical, with 14-16 rows of sweet, tender kernels, narrower and deeper than Golden Cross Bantam.

Peoria (No. 66): 94 days. A high quality, late hybrid recently developed by us. Plant tall, vigorous, almost suckerless. Ears 814” long, 12-16 rowed, with very white, tender kernels: has consistently shown low ear worm damage. Exceptionally high yielding.

Spancross C13.3: 70 days. Good for the early markets. Medium sized ears with 10-12 rows of golden yellow kernels.

Stowell’s Evergreen 14 x 5: 93 days. All-Amer- ica Bronze Medal. A very valuable hybrid with large uniform white ears 9”’-10” long, 16-18 rowed, excellent in appearance and quality.

Tendergold (Top Cross Sunshine): 83 days. A good second early yellow sort for the market gardener. Ears 12-16 rowed; kernels yellow, medium and of fine quality.

E = 11

Open Pollinated—Yellow

Bantam Evergreen: 95 days. Large 14-18 rowed ears of rich golden yellow.

Golden Bantam: 79 days. The old-time favorite. Medium ears with 8 rows of broad, tender ker- nels exceptional in flavor.

Golden Early Market: 72 days. Ears medium size, 8-12 rowed, with medium broad kernels.

Golden Sunshine: 74 days. Medium sized ears with tender golden yellow kernels.

Improved Golden Bantam 10-14 rowed: 82 days. Our development from Golden Bantam; ears larger and kernels remain tender a few days longer.

Whipple’s Early Yellow: 87 days. Medium large ears, 12-14 rowed, strong husks, well filled to tips.

Open Pollinated—White

Adams’ Early: 72 days. A standard hardy va- riety of early roasting ear corn.

Adams’ Extra Early Dwarf: 66 days. Earlier,

smaller form of Adams’ Early.

Adams’ Large Improved: 74 days. Largely used in the South for roasting ears.

Clark’s Early Evergreen: 90 days. Asgrow ofig- inated over 50 years ago, still popular for its large ears with 16-20 rows of deep, ivory-white, sweet kernels.

Country Gentleman: 95 days. Ears with white kernels set irregularly, not in rows.

Early Surprise: 72 days. Asgrow originated. A good first early, white sweet corn, 8-12 rows.

Stowell’s Evergreen: 95 days. A large main- crop variety. Ears large and long, 16-20 rowed, clear, deep, sweet, tender kernels.

Trucker’s Favorite: 77 days. Extensively planted by Southern growers. A heavy yielder with 12-16 rows of kernels.

POP CORN 2A A

Hulless: 85 days. A dwarf white sort of very high popping test, huskless and tender. Often

miscalled Japanese.

Minhybrid 250: 90 days. An improvement on Hulless of about 15% per acre and increased popping quality.

Purdue Hybrid No. 31: 95 days. Ears usually at least two per stalk. Kernels high in quality and popping expansion.

South American Giant: 100 days. Strong and hardy plants with large, 12-16 rowed golden ears. Kernels pop big and creamy.

White Rice: 90 days. The old favorite variety.

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ee

CUCUMBER

Usually planted in hills 4-5 ft. apart; 6 or 8 seeds per hill, thinned out to 3 or 4 plants

when grown to 6” or 8”. The hill method of planting allows early cultivation in both

directions, but many growers prefer drills spaced 4-5 ft. apart, with the plants 18-36”

apart. The hills should be prepared with well-rotted manure before planting—which,

for the main crop, may be done as soon as all danger of frost is over. Pickling sorts

are planted 6 or 8 weeks later. Fruits should be removed when they reach the picking stage; if left to ripen on the vines the yield will be decreased.

The letters w.s. in the following list indicate the white spines which characterize most of the slicing cucumbers; pickling varieties are usually black spined as indicated by the letters b.s.

Model: for well-colored, well-shaped pickles

A & C, ws: 65 days. A long variety which is popular on account of its excellent exterior color, fine slicing texture and shipping quality.

Chicago Pickling, b.s.: 59 days. An old favorite and one of the best for pickling or slicing. Medium green. Very prolific.

Clark’s Special, w.s.: 63 days. All-America Silver Medal, 1933. Handsome, dark green, slightly tapered at both ends; flesh crisp and firm. Holds its quality well when shipped.

Colorado, w.s.: 65 days. Distinguished by its attractive deep green color, length and smooth cylindrical shape. Shows very little striping at blossom end.

Cubit, w.s.: 60 days. All-America Bronze Medal, 1944. Handsome long, cylindrical fruits of dark green exterior, crisp, white flesh and small seed area. Excellent for home or shipping.

Gherkin (Bur or West India), b.s.: 60 days. Not a true cucumber, For small, oval pickles,

Improved Long Green, b.s.: 70 days. A stand- ard large variety for the home garden; very pro- lific, and hardy; deep green, white crisp flesh.

Marketer, w.s.: 65 days. All-America Bronze Medal, 1943. Early and very prolific, greatly admired for its uniformity and rich dark green color down to blossom end. Fruits of medium size, slightly tapered to each end, very trim. It is now probably the most popular variety of all. Use only the originator’s, Asgrow, strain.

Model, ws.: 56 days. A new pickling variety developed by us. Shape and size similar to Na- tional Association Pickling, but color a darker green. Trim in appearance and uniform.

National Association Pickling, b.s.: 56 days. Originally bred to meet specifications of the National Pickle Packers Association. A most desirable strain has been produced by Asgrow: dark green, symmetrical and nearly square-

ended.

Snow’s Perfection Pickling, b.s. 56 days. Some- what smaller than Chicago Pickling. Square- ended.

Straight-8, w.s.: 60 days. Cylindrical and straight; 8” long. Medium green, attractive.

Marketer—Early, very prolific and neat

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EGG PLANT

The egg plant is a warm climate vegetable but can be raised wherever corn and tomatoes

do well. It requires loose, fertile soil and will not thrive in clay. Sow in hotbed or

flats and transplant with least posstble disturbance of the roots, when 3” high, setting 24-3 ft. apart, in rows 3-4 ft. apart.

Black Beauty: 80 days from transplanting. Plant 24” to 30” with 4-6 large, purplish black fruits, 2-3 lb., which hold their color and quality well after picking.

Florida High Bush: 85 days. Upstanding and vigorous. Long, dark purple fruits. Highly re- sistant to drought and blight.

New York Spineless: 83 days. Fruits a little later and larger than Black Beauty.

KOHL RABI

A member of the cabbage family and cultivated similarly. The edible part is the bulb which grows above ground; some- thing like a turnip but much more tender and sweet, eaten when 2-214" diameter. Remove the outer skin before boiling. Begin planting early and sow every 2 weeks until hot weather.

Purple Vienna: 62 days. Bulb interior light greenish white and tender; exterior purple, with purple-tinged foliage.

White Vienna: 55 days. Light green bulbs with white flesh. A favorite home and market garden sort—especially for forcing in the hotbed.

ENDIVE

The conditions for growth of endive and lettuce are much the same and, as with all salad crops, rapid growth is necessary for crisp tender leaves. The rows should be 18” apart and plants thinned out to about 8, Allow Ye ounce to 100 ft.

Full Heart: 71 days. The inside leaves, curly crisp and tender, blanch to a creamy white. A

piquant addition to salads or soups. Shown at left.

Ruffec: 76 days. A large late very curly sort with heavy, tender white mid-ribs. 16”-18” in diameter.

White Curled: 73 days. Smaller plants with

well curled leaves of fine flavor.

1 ea Cen)

KALE

A non-heading and hardier member of the cabbage family, similarly cultivated. Extensively grown, especially in the South, for fall, winter and spring greens.

Dwarf Blue Scotch: 55 days. Similar to follow- ing sort but blue-green in color. Used both as a vegetable and an ornamental.

Dwarf Green Scotch: 55 days. The pedigreed Asgrow strain is one of the most handsome plants of the vegetable garden with its wide- spread plume-like, dark green leaves, exception- ally finely curled and frilled to meet the require- ments of top-grade markets.

Dwarf Siberian (Sprouts): 65 days. Large, vigor- ous spreading plants. Leaves frilled at edges, deep bluish green in color.

Tall Green Scotch: 60 days. Leaves similar to Dwarf Scotch, but about 3 ft. high, borne well above ground.

Dwarf Green iseavee Kale

LEEK

Used in soups, stews and salads or creamed. Sow early in rows 16” apart, thinning the plants later to 4’—-6" apart. When cultivating, draw the soil up around the plants.

Giant Carentan: Stalks 2”-3” diameter, white, Large American Flag: Early and very popular. tender, mild flavored. For fall and early winter. Long, thick, white stems.

MUSTARD

Sow, as soon as the ground can be worked,

a short row, and repeat in two weeks; may

also be grown im fall. Leaves are usually large enough for cutting in 30 days.

Chinese Broad Leaf: Vigorous plants, smooth leaves with saw-toothed edges.

Florida Broad Leaf: Large, upright plants. Bright green, smooth, thick leaves.

Fordhook Fancy: An excellent variety for salads, with bright green, plumelike leaves.

Southern Giant Curled: The most popular sort for greens and used widely in the South. Light green leaves curled and crinkled at edges.

Tendergreen (Mustard Spinach): Plants vigorous a : and hardy, withstanding well both cold and heat: Fordhook Fancy Mustard

the long oval, medium green leaves, ready for Leaves: Left—Tendergreen cutting in 3 to 4 weeks, resemble in taste a Center—Florida Broad Leaf

mild mustard with a creamy spinach flavor. Right—Southern Giant Curled

15

an

LETTUCE

Lettuce does not stand hot weather well but is not harmed by mild frosts; the earliest sorts can therefore be transplanted from cold frames to the rows, after hardening by

gradual exposure, in the first weeks of spring and the later sorts sown V4"

deep in

the open then. Rich and well-prepared soil is advisable as the plants must be grown quickly. Moisture and thorough cultivation are also required. Allow VY oz. per 100 ft. of row; 3 lb. per acre.

Heading

Big Boston (Trocadero): 75 days. Very pop- ular; an excellent butter-head type. Medium size, compact head with creamy yellow center, leaves tinged with bronze.

Great Lakes: 83 days. A dependable heading variety for summer production. Leaves large, thick and well folded; slow bolting.

Hanson (Nonpareil): 80 ‘days. Large, hardy sort for fall and early markets.

Iceberg: 84 days. Not the shipping variety, but an excellent large lettuce for home gardeners and local markets. Heads solid light green and blanched by the inward-curving outer leaves.

Of the New York resistant

Imperial No. 44: 82 days. type, with solid, firm, medium heads; to tip burn. For the East and Southeast.

Imperial No. 615: 86 days. Large medium dark green heads used for fall and winter cropping in California.

Imperial No. 847: 84 days. Developed for summer planting. Vigorous and blight-resistant, producing medium large firm heads of the New York type.

White Boston: 76 days. Smooth, light green leaves; heart buttery and yellow.

Big Boston

Simpson’s Early Curled: the favorite for home gardens

Loose-Leaved

Grand Rapids: 43 days. Popular for forcing and early planting; handsome, hardy and vig- orous. Large, light green, frilled leaves.

Prize Head: 47 days. A fine old favorite; bronze tinted, crumpled leaves; stand