JPRS-UPA-87-055

1 R_1987

FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE

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JPRS Report—

Soviet Union

Political Affairs

JPRS-UPA-87-035 16 OCTOBER 1987

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SOVIET UNION POLITICAL AFFAIRS

CONTENTS

PARTY, STATE AFFAIRS

PRAVDA Warns Party To Show Greater Severity Within Own Ranks (PRAVDA, 9 Jun 87) “ee eoneeneeeeeeneeeneeeeeneeeteeneteneeeeeeneeeertee

New Enterprise Law Does Not End Ministries’ Responsibilities (A. Zhdanov; PRAVDA, 24 Jun 87) *eereieeneeeneneeneeneneeeeneteereert# *

férSSR Council of Ministers on Inadequate Health Care, Air Service (PRAVDA, 10 Jun 87) *enrrweeneneeeneeneteenerteeneneteeeneeneenreeneeeneteerftetee#e

Information Report on 1 August Tajik CP CC Plenum (KOMMUNIST TADZHIKISTANA, 2 Aug 87) wccccececcccccccceees

Kirghiz Minister Criticized for Low Quality Goods (SOVETORATA KIRGISIVA, S$ Ape BF) cccccccccccccccceccoscose

MEDIA, PROPAGANDA

Tajik Veterans Recount ‘Dushman' Atrocities (D. Grigoryev; AGITATOR TADZHIKISTANA, No 7, Apr 87) ....

HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY

Traditional Marxist-Leninist Approach to History Reaffirmed (V. Yurchuk; PRAVDA UKRAINY, 9 Jun 87) ....ccccececcccces

Nationalists Use Glasnost To Distort History (N. Stashkevich; SOVETSKAYA LITVA, 17 Jun 87) .........-.

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12

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28

Conference on Philosophy of Science Notes Changed Attitudes (V. Kerimov, V. Mudragey; PRAVDA, 20 Aug 87) .......eeee. 32

RELIGION

Better Atheist Themes, Approaches in Literature, Culture Urged (Andrey Nuykin; NOVYY MIR, No 4, Apr 87) .....ececececees 33

CULTURE

Paper Responds to Letters From Conservative ‘Extremists’ (A. Vasinskiy; IZVESTIYA, 10 May 87) ...ccsccccceccsceees 48

Voznesensky Criticizes ‘Nationalistic’ Tendencies of ‘Pamyat' (Andrey Voznesensky Interview; KOMMUNIST, 21 Jun 87) .... 53

Academician Likhachev Defends Angleterre Demonstrators (D. S. Likhachev Interview; LITERATURNAYA GAZETA, 20 May 87) e*eeeaeneeeeece#eneneeeenereeneeeeeneeeneteeneteeneeeeneeeeeeneeeee 57

Local Officials Accused of Indifference to Cultural Preservation (Igor Dyadkov; SOVETSKAYA ROSSIYA, 9 Jun 87) ......eeeees 60

Commemoration of Akhmatova Evokes Protests (I. Gorina; LITERATURNAYA GAZETA, 29 Jul BPP Sbbseessssee 65

Dudintsev Elaborates on Novel ‘White Coaits' (Vladimir Dudintsev Interview; PRAVDA, 10 May 87) ....... 66

Movie on Life of Andropov Reviewed (Andrey Shemyakin; SOVETSKAYA KULTURA, 6 Aug 87) ........ 71

Kiev Daily Forecasts Revival of Film Industry (A. Plakhov; PRAVDA UKRAINY, 28 Jul 87) ...ccceccccccceces 73

Soviet Art Under Attack, Claims RSFSR Artist (Valentin Sidorov: SUVETSKAYA ROSSIYA, 17 May 87) ....... 75

New Competition for Victory Memorial Announced (G. Alekseyev; PRAVDA, 23 Jul 87) *eeereeeneeneeeneneeerteneeneeee 80

SOCIAL ISSUES Root of Drug Problem Seen in Poor Child Development Practices

(A. P. Artemchuk Interview; LITERATURNA UKRAYINA, No 22, 28 May 87) *eevreeenereeeneeeeneeneeeeeeneeerteeteeeeeeeeneeneeneeeeee 82

PRAVDA Calls for Improvement in Relations Between Police, Public (PRAVDA, 6 Jun 87) *eeeeeeeeneeneeeneneeevceeeeeneeeeeeeneeeeeneeeee 87

Komsomo! Considers Restructuring Youth Propaganda Work (KOMSOMOLSKAYA PRAVDA, 3 Jul 87) ....ccccccccccccccecccees 90

Youth Paper Calls for Openness in Discussing Ecology (S. Vishnevskaya; KOMSOMOLSKAYA PRAVDA, 23 Jun 87) ...... 96

REGIONAL ISSUES

‘Banal’ Outcome of Riga Demonstration Viewed (Valdis Krumins; MOSCOW NEWS, No 26, 26-28 Jun 87) .-.... 101

Academicians Voice Opposition to Power Station in Latvia (Valery Zaitsev; MOSCOW NEWS, No 32, 16-23 Aug 87) ...... 104

LaSSR CP Presidium Equates Increased Sugar Use to Alcohol (SOVETSKAYA LATVLYA, 30 May 87) eseevreneneeeneeneeneneneneeteneeeneeeste 105

Lithuanian Source for Latvian Plant Proves Unreliable (A. Ezerinsh; SOVETSKAYA LATVIYA, 12 Jun 87) .........-.. 108

Leningrad Obkom on Scientific Center Work in Sci-Tech Progress (LENINGRADSKAYA PRAVDA, 13 May 87) ..cccceccccccccceceees ILll

Physicians From Western USSR in Tajikistan To Fight Disease (I. Guseynova; KOMMUNIST TADZHIKISTANA, 14 Jul 87) ...... 113

Tajik Officials Assess Storm Damage to Dushanbe-Tashkent Highway (L. Seberennikov; KOMMUNIST TADZIKISTANA, 3 Jun 87) ..... 115

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PARTY, STATE AFFAIRS

PRAVDA WARNS PARTY TO SHOW GREATER SEVERITY WITHIN OWN RANKS Moscow PRAVDA in Russian 9 Jun 87 p 1

[Unattributed article: "For the Pure Name of Communist. This Has Been and Remains a Most Important Law of Our Party's Life]

(Text) Let us begin with a letter from A. Andreyev, a Muscovite, wh communicated to the editors his reflections on the purity of the Party calling:

"Il was cut, right to the quick, by a conversation I cnanced to hear. A couple of middle-aged people, intellectuals to all appearances, were hi ‘ng a leisurely talk. “How are things--are you getting on in your job?' one asked. The answer: “I've been getting on slowly, but now it'll go more quickly. I've managed to snag a membersnip.'

"I do not know their names, but I am profoundly convinced that these are the sort of people who are scornfully and accurately called party hangers-on. They discuss what is for millions of Soviet people an object of great veneration--a party membership card!--as if it were a pass to some kind of privileges, to a career."

One cannot fail to agree with this opinion. People do not want and will not condone instances of penetration into the party by those who are far removed from its true ideals.

Resolutions taken at tne 27tn Congress and tne January plenum of tne CPSU Central Committee whicn defined the main directions of restructuring noted tne need for the ongoing clearing away of negative phenomena as one of the most important and urgent tasks. The name of a party member should always be pure and honorable.

A real Communist does not besmirch nis high calling with an unworthy act. And such people are the overwhelming majority in the party. But it would be premature to hold that measures taken in recent years to reinforce discipline, orderliness, and morality, to strengthen exigence and adherence to principle have already put our party's house completely in order. The editors’ mailoag still quite frequently carries alarm signals from the localities: here they

are messing up the reconstruction, there they are trying to live and behave as of old...

The party's strength is its exigence and cohesion. It will set straight anyone who has lust himself in complex circumstances, will convince anyone in doubt, will arouse anyone who has begun to doze. And it will dispense severe punishment for the betrayal of principles and ideals.

"I knew a fellow villager who got on like a house afire in his appointments, and even became a worker on the oblast party committee," A. Gorshkov writes to Pravda from Rostov Oblast. "But all his highways and Dyways turned out to be crooked. The “ascent' ended ingloriously. He was expelled from tne CPSU and censured." At party plenums which took place not long ago, there was candid talk, regardless of rank and past services, of people who had compromised themselves. The party organizations of Russia, the Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and other union republics are decisively cleansing their ranks. The measures are severe but just. Those who have besmirched themselves with unseemly affairs do not anc cannot have a place in the party of Lenin!

There is but one privilege for communists: to be always in the forefront. Where it is most difficult. One could tell of many remarkable people, both Supervisors and rank-and-file, who see the entire meaning of their lives in service to the people, the party, the Motherland. One is even more invigorated by their conviction, ideological commitment, and passionate purposefulness. One breathes easily and works confidently with people like that.

Here is one of those people: D. Sharipov. For more than 15 years ne has headed the Cherdaklinskiy rayon party committee of the Ulyanov opolast CPSU. During those years there has been stable growth in the rayon's economic system and all economic concerns are now showing a profit. But the most important thing is that a reliable system of cadre selection and education has taken shape in which qualities such as a businesslike address, honesty, and moral Cleanliness are especially valued and cultivated. Just one fact: recently 11 people from the Cherdaklin reserve have been promoted as CPSU rayon committee secretaries in other rayons. Sharipov's contemporary leadersnip style and principles are being disseminated and deepened by his successors.

"Personal perquisites?" Damir Ismagilovich inquired in amazement when he was asked about tnis. He did not even think about them. He just lives, distinguishing himself in no way from nis associates by personal pretensions. Modesty and decency in such party members is not a temporary condition but an inflexible core, and ineradicable character trait.

And instances of a different stripe? They aiso occur. A conscientious worker, who used to manifest good qualities, is moved up the service ladder and suddenly begins to imagine that nothing is now forbidden him. Where does the openness, the simplicity, the need for advice go? The ego comes into the foreground, the voice takes on a peremptory timbre, and then the excessive exercise cf power and abuses not infrequently ensure. Such people are called degenerates. It is hard for honest people to watch them getting drunk on

power.

However, there are cases where the guilty are absolved of responsibility. How is such protection to be explained? Reference is made, for example, to the lack of a replacement. Or friendly sentiments suddenly prevail: well, really, we have worked together for so long... Or it can go a different way: those who are at fault are shielded by degenerates like themselves. Not so long ago the central press published a whole spate of reports from Michurinsk in Tambov Oblast. Macninations with accommodation, speculation in spare parts, the rudeness of supervisory workers... And here is ancther signal from that town. B. Kuznetsov, the former manager of tne Micnhurinsk Agropromstroy Trust, who was expelled from the CPSU, is now one of the supervisors of rural residential construction for that combine. Some officials who were involved in a sensational row over the theft of automobile parts in one of the local enterprises are aiso “coming back to life" after being punished.

The struggle for the purity of his name is the business of every communist, regardless of the jobd he does. Can, for instance, all the so-called rank-and- file party members really state with pride that their moral image is crystal- clear? There are places where they have come to terms with worker absenteeism, drunkenness, and violations of labor discipline, and with a party membership card in tneir pockets at tnat. We will not estaodlish exemplary order until we set to it with one accord in all quarters. There should be no mutes and apostates in this business.

To be an example in ali things, at work, in study, in everyday life, in the implementation of the imposing plans of reconstruction, is the communist's direct duty. The destinies of the country, whose masters we all are, can be decided only with honest intentions, an ardent heart, clean hands, and an spotless conscience.

That is why tne approach to acceptance into the ranks of the CPSU should be particularly careful and strict at this time. There is a place in the party only for those who are worthy. There can be no other considerations. The role of primary party organizations grows particularly in this connection. It is precisely here that the political, workmanlike, and moral qualities of future communists should be painstakingly studied. Those making recommendations bear full responsibility for tnem, but other members of the primary party organization are also responsible for those who will replenish their ranks. One must not only have a clear idea about everyone who enters the CPSU but also exercise exacting control over the conduct of comrades in the party organization and not allow one single violation of statutory requirements to go unpunished. The time also imposes new tasks upon the party commissions of tne rayon and city party committees.

We wish to end this conversation with lines from a letter written by L. Kosykh, a worker from Dushanbe: "The main issue today is: who is the mainstay of the reconstruction? The answer is clear: communists. And those of us who are not in the party, as in years gone by, will ascend behind you. We believe that together we will achieve the desired goal.”

13185 CSO: 1800/0565

PARTY, STATE AFFAIRS

NEW ENTE! PRISE LAW DOES NOT END MINISTRIES’ RESPONSIBILITIES Moscow PRAVDA in Russian 24 Jun 87 p 3

{Article by A. Zhdanov: "Taking On Responsibility: Letters from Ministries and Departments"; first two paragraphs are source introduction)

[Text] Together with V. Ustinov, secretary of the ministry's party committee, we added the number of times the electrical engineering industry has been a leader in new undertakings: putting into effect the material resources conservation program, participating in the experiment to expand the rights and responsibilities of enterprises, streamlining management structures and cutting managerial staff.... Certainly, not all these undertaking were completed successfully. The ministry is still faced with a lot of unresolved problems which require the most serious attention.

"Wnen restructuring the work of the ministry," said V. Ustinov, "the party committee lays emphasis on increasing the responsibility of incustry staff regardless of rank or previous services."

WHO CRITICIZES WHOM

Indeed, in the last one and a half to two years the topic of responsibility has been raised at party committee meetings and party conferences a lot more persistently and vigorously than before. More and more often, urgent problems involved with improving industry leadership, and problems faced by managers who participate personally in the struggle for acceleration are brought up before collective courts.

The approach to strengthening party influence and responsibility itself has changed in many respects. It has become more business-like. The introduction of joint meetings of party chief directorate bureaus and ministry departments and services has helped turn mutual accusations into constructive dialogue. It was this same goal, but at the interindustry level, that the party committee set for itself when it took the initiative last year to discuss pressing problems jointly with the party committees of a number of other ministries. One way of increasing responsibility is for communists to be held accountable for their work.

However, if one takes a closer look at who is held accountable and how, who criticizes whom and what the outcome of that criticism is, it becomes clear tnat the party committee, having chosen the right direction, is still far from achieving its goal.

I began reflecting on these matters after talking with N. Kuznetsova and A. Machugin, both of whom are communists and senior engineers in the main production department. The conversation turned to the role of the ali- ministry party meetings. I ask them how senior management reacts to criticism from subordinates, and whether it causes conflicts and hostility. My interlocutors shrugged their shoulders:

"It is difficult for us to judge because we have not spoken at any of the general meetings yet."

"What about your colleagues and co-workers?"

"You know, it is not customary for rank-and-file workers to be given the floor at all-ministry meetings. Most often it is secretaries of party bureaus, deputy ministers, chief directorate and department heads, in general, the management...."

As I found out later, my interlocutors should have skipped the words "most often." Amazingly enough, in the last two years none of the participants in the discussions at the all-ministry party meetings has held a position lower than deputy department head.

In my attempts to understand why this happens, I was confronted with the following point of view: only people with a comprehensive grasp of all the information can give a competent judgement of industry's problems brought up at all-ministry party meetings. So that's how it is.... No-one considers it inappropriate when a rank-and-file communist worker or communist engineer speaks up at a factory party meeting. Then why should a rank-and-file communists ministry employee keep quiet at a similar meeting within his organization?

And it's not as though there isn't anything to say. Warming to the topic, Kuznetsova and Machugin had me take note of a number of disturbing problems, including difficulties with the principles used to select ministry staff, the decrease in the prestige attached to work performed by ministry employees, problems involved in determining the optimum distribution of Minelektrotekhprom (Ministry of the Electrical Equipment Industry) production capacities among the country's regions, shortages of office equipment, and shortcomings in the mechanization and automation of managerial labour....

Some of the decisions taken by the party committee make you wonder.

The committee's resolution with respect to Deputy Minister L. Safronkov's report on the organizational work involved in improving the foreign trade activities of the industry looks strange. Admitting that a lot of questions in that sphere remain unresolved due to the fact that the deputy minister was not sufficiently demanding or persistent, the party committee nevertheless

limited itself to the notorious excuse that it is "puzzled." And in a very general way at that. It is not even addressed at Safronkov himself, but to communists as a whole in at least a dozen different ministry departments.

By contrast, the resolution of the party committee with respect to Deputy Minister N. Galev's report on his management of operations related to the development of the Moscow subway makes a clear-cut evaluation. But of whom? Noting that the industry's commitments to the bdDuilders and operators of tne subway were not met, the party committee gives a stern warning to...two Glavtyazhelektromash (Central Administration of Heavy Electrical Machinery) managers and points to the inaction of one of the deputy managers in the production equipment department. The question of communist Galev's responsibility remains unanswered.

However, after considering violations chat occurred during the start-up of operations at the Cherkassk special production equipment plant, the party committee imposed penalties on a number of senior managers, which penalties were subsequently recorded in their respective work records.

I cannot state categorically that Safronkov and Galev also deserved some kind of penalty. Nonetheless, we may well ask why it is that the results of some people's activities are judged unequivocally and penalized at party committee meetings, while those of others receive no penalties at all?

It did not take long to get an answer to this question. It turns out that the situation at the Cherkassk plant had already been assessed by the Party Control Committee within the CPSU Central Committee before the ministry party committee intervened.

The following episode can hardly be considered an achievement eitner. In May of last year five communist managers presented their reports at an all- ministry party meeting. The discussions, as expected, were pretty superficial. So was the resolution. It is impossible to comprehend what the goal of that resolution was: to reveal the level of efficiency of the work of each of the managers, or merely to list the numerous problems. Suffice it to Say that the resolution mentions about 30(!) names of communists employed by the ministry and its subdivisions.

It is obvious that there is enough criticism. But this criticism is not always reflected in a logical, clear and democratic way in the resolutions.

BEHIND THE DIRECTOR'S BACK

At a meeting of Minelektrotekhprom communists, the following fact was cited. In an effort to set up production of electrical fret-saws, the manager of an enterprise under the ministry's jurisdiction initiated the process by sending a letter to the ministry with a request for referral to a decent design bureau that could develop the required model.

"Where does all this parasitism come from?" Yu. Nikitin, the deputy minister to whom the ill-fated letter had been addressed, asked indignantly at the meeting.

An indirect answer to this question is contained in a speech by this same Nikitin at another party meeting. Speaking about the necessity for restructuring people’s thinking, he noted:

"The solu*ion to our problems depends for the most part on how many of the ideas that we have come up with reach the director, the engineer and the work crew. Success will only come when the whole chain linking the top with the bottom is permeated by the same production ideology."

No doubt all this is true. But the quescivn arises: precisely what ideology does "the top,” i.e. the ministry and its party committee, subdscribe to in its relations with its subdivisions. Let's turn to the facts.

In 1984, after joining the economic experiment, the "Elektromashina" plant in Ulan-Uden fulfilled one hundred percent of its contract deliveries. The following year it was only slightly below its target. Labour productivity rose considerably, production costs decreased and the rate at which new electric motors were being put into production increased. Morale improved along with the psychological climate in the shops and offices as people became convinced that good work could result in good pay.

In short, at the beginning of last year the plant was on the upswing. But tnen when the annual plan was already approved and accepted for fulfillment, Glavelektromash (of which the plant is a component) set an additional task without providing absolutely any additional material resources or equipment: to increase the output of electric motors to 1,050. The workers and staff were driven to despair. But neither the director's letters of protests nor his telephone calls nor nis meetings in Moscow with senior directorate and ministry officials produced any effect.

"In reality, everyone, including myself, knew very well from the very beginning that the Ulan-Uden plant would not be able to increase its output of electrical motors by the amount called for in the plan," Glavelektromash's director A. Vandyshev confirmed. "But what could we do? The delayed requirement that production be increased was not our whim. A letter to that effect came from Gossnab (State Committee for Material and Technical Supply)."

"And what if everyone refused to accept this clearly impossible task?" I asked the manager.

He looked at me condescendingly. "Tnere is such a thing as state discipline, and we are obliged to abide by it...."

"But still..."

"We would be punished."

After giving this some thought, A. Vandyshev makes a suggestion: "Had the director of Elektromashina been more active in this situation.... For instance, in Yaroslavl we have a general director by the name of Akhunov. He probably would have gone higher and gotten what he wanted."

What strange logic. In other words, the more assiduously a director knocks on the doors not only of ministries but also of other central economic organizations, the better he is? Why the didn't the chief directorate party organizations or even the ministry party committee, intervene in the conflict over a year ago? Why, finally, did the communists at Gossnab remain passive in the face of such a blatant violation of the principles of the experiment?

No serious attempt was made to investigate the situation. And what is the result? Not even the delayed revision of the plan and reduction of the quota, which they were finally forced into could save the plant. The advantages gained in the course of the experiment were lost during the conflict and the year's plan fell through.

And this is by no means an isolated case of a ministry ari its chief directorates’ having failed to solve some specific problem, some local contradiction, and the party committee and Minelektrotekhprom party organizations’ remaining passive.

For example, the Kondensator plant at Serpukhov has been ailing now for years. In an effort to provide assistance, ministry executives, including deputy ministers, have ,eaten a path to this plant. After each trip, a report is written outlining who is responsible and what should be done to improve the Situation. But what are these papers worth if all the requiremerts and assignments they contain remain unfulfiiled as before. Why? The party committee asked this question only after it received an urgent request from the Moscow party obkom to call to account all those whose signatures appeared on the reports.

In another example, it was only after the intervention of some local party bodies, in this case the Stavropol gorkom and kray committee, that the production of electric drives, new in name only, was halted. From the very beginning of production, plant engineers and workers at "Elektroavtomatika" complained to the designers and specialists at Glavelektroaparat (Central Administration for the Production of Low-Voltage Apparatus) and ministry about the model's serious shortcomings.

And what was the outcome? The obstinate attempts to force virtually outdated technology on plant workers could not be stopped even by the sharp criticism voiced at the Stavropol kray conference of communists by Elektroavtomatika brigade-leader N. Selyukov. The first quarter plan for 1987 included the manufacture of the first thousand of the "new" drives. It is only recently that common sense has prevailed.

How can we talk of “unity of production ideology” if the ministry still refuses to give up its attempts to shift its functions and responsibilities to the enterprises? Here are all the reasons we need to make sure that the party uses its influence a great deal more.

"After starting the Five-Year Plan with a good lead and after registering improvements in 1986, this year we have fallen out of step," said O. Anfimov, minister of the electrical engineering industry. “Pians for the first few

months have nct been fulfilled. Least of ail are we ready to face the objective reasons. Today as never defore it is vital to increase the organizational role of the industry's staff, to implement without fail the decisions that have been taken, to avoid declarative statements and administration by injunction, and to take on responsibility for carrying out reforms more boldly. And we cannot do this without the support of the party committee and all communists."

The minister is right. Today is the time to take on responsibility in full measure. For increasing tne in¢ependence of enterprise: does not mean tuat industry staff and management can now wash their hangs anc brush aside vital problems. We are not talking here about replacing management, but about creating the mos* favorable conditions possible for their work. Therefore, the responsibilities of industry leadership should increase, not decrease.

CSO: 1800/723 13206

PARTY, STATE AFFAIRS

ArSSR COUNCIL OF MINISTERS ON INADEQUATE HEALTH CARE, AIR SERVICE

Moscow PRAVDA in Russian 10 Jun 87 p 1 [Armenpress item: "In the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR")

[Excerpt] A scheduled meeting discussed measures to remove shortcomings and further improve medical assistance to the public. The adopted resolution noted that the health-care organs were taking inadequate measures to effect radical improvement in the quality of the curative and preventive assistance being given and the work of inpatient and outpatient facilities. There are serious shortcomings in infant health care.

The Ministry of Health, the executive committees of the urban and rayon soviets of people's deputies, the Ministry of Construction, and the State Agro-Industrial Committee are not devoting due attention to the development of the network of curative and preventive facilities, are reconciiing themselves to the unsatisfactory state of their material and technical base, are not assimilating allocated capital investments, and are extending the deadlines for the construction and start-up of health-care projects. They are enjoined to draft concrete measures to remove shortcomings and derelictions in the organization of medical and curative provision for the republic's pepulation, and to enhance decisively the level and quality of the curative and preventive assistance given. It is essential to ensure, as a matter of priority, the development of pediatric and obstetric services, to enhance the level of medical assistance given to children and mothers. Strict administrative measures should be taken with regard to the supervisors of health-care organs and facilities and to medical workers who are guilty of permitting serious shortcomings in the organization of public medical assistance.

The executive committees of the city and rayon soviets are enjoined to give necessary assistance in strengthening the material and technical base of curative and preventive facilities, in conducting current and capital repairs, and in acquiring equipment and inventory for them. Concern and attention must be shown to medical workers, and measures must oe taken to improve housing conditions and personal services for them and to secure, on priority terms, accommodation for young specialists sent to work on assignment.

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The Armenian Council of Trade Unions is advised to cooperate with the Ministry of Health in taking concrete steps to prevent and further reduce temporary disability and permanent infirmity retirement in connection with occupational diseases.

An inspection conducted by the Armenian SSR People's Control Committe has established that there are shortcomings in the public services provided by the Armenian Civil Aviation Administration and certain ministries and departments, and by the executive committees of city and rayon councils of people's deputies. Airport services are to blame for the fact that a significant number of flights are delayed and for the shortcomings in the organization of techical aircraft maintenance work.

Services for passengers on international flights are in an unsatisfactory state and are not in keeping with established norms. A shortage of airline booking offices in Yerevan and Leninakan is causing long lines, especially in the peak period of summer travel.

The number of flights established by the plan is not in balance with the actual demand. Sanitary conditions and personal services in the majority of the republic's airports are not of a due standard. Many of them have no hot water supply or heating, and boards giving information on flights and seat availability are lacking. There are also shortcomings in public catering, long distance telephone links, the postal service, etc.

The Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR enjoined the Civil Aviation Administration to draft measures directed at the more complete satisfaction of the public's and republican economy's demand for air transport, paying particular attention to the work of airport services to ensure a high regularity of flights and the suitable preparation of aircraft for their runs, to balance the number of flights with the actual demand for air transport, and to enhance the standard of passenger service.

13185 CSO: 1830/575

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PARTY, STATE AFFAIRS

INFORMATION REPORT ON 1 AUGUST TAJIK CP CC PLENUM Dushanbe KOMMUNIST TADZHIKISTANA in Russian 2 Aug 87 p 2

[Text] The Sixth Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan was held in Dushanbe on | August.

Obkom second secretaries; gorkom and raykom first secretaries; ispolkom chair- men of oblast, city, and rayon soviets of people's deputies; leaders of minis- tries, republic-level departments, large enterprises, organizations, and farms; individual primary party organization secretaries; scholars; Tajik CP Central Committee officials; officials from the Supreme Soviet Presidium, the Tajik SSR Council of Ministers, the People's Control Committee, the Tajik Trade Unions Council, and the Tajik Komsomol Central Committee; and mass media and propaganda employees, all of whom do not belong to the Tajik CP Central Committee, took part in the plenum activities.

The following questions were discussed at the plenum:

l. The results of the June (1987) CPSU Central Committee Plenum and the tasks of the republic party organization with respect to accelerating socioeconomic development on the basis of a fundamental restructuring of administrative methods.

2. An account of the growth in membership of the republic party organization during the first half of 1987.

Tajik CP Central Committee First Secretary K.M. Makhkamov delivered a report dealing with the first item on the agenda.

The following people took part in the discussion following this report: T.M. Mirkhelikov, Leninabad Obkom first secretary; I.I. Kurbanov, Tajik SSR Gosagro- prom deputy chairman; V.R. Krayushkin, chief engineer at the USSR 50th Anniver- sary Garment Production Asscoiation in Dushanbe; S. Beknazarov, Gorno-Badakhshan Obkom first secretary; A.K. Khamsariyev, heavy machinery base driver at the Rogungesstroy construction administration; I.Ye. Ponomarev, CPSU Central Commit- tee official; B.E. Khudoyerova, section head at the Gorkiy kolkhoz, Kommunisti- cheskiy Rayon; V.I. Medvedev, Tajik SSR minister of the construction materials industry; Ch.Kh. Fayzova, milkmaid at the Shatalov kolkhoz, Kulyabskiy Rayon;

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I.F. Glazunov, director of the Anzobskiy Concentrating Combine; Sh.K. Kalandarov, Tajik SSR minister of light industry; A.Kh. Khalimov, Dushanbe Gorkom first sec- ratary; M.S. Asimov, president of the Tajik SSR Academy of Sciences; Yu.P. Za- tsarinyy, deputy chairman of the Tajik SSR Council of Ministers; S.Sh. Ashurov, chairman of Tajik SSR Gossnab.

Yu.Ye. Sukhov, director of the Tajik CP Central Committee Organizational Party Work Department, provided information on the growth in membership of the repub- lic party organization during the first half of 1987.

The following people took part in the discussion following this report:

V.S. Savelyeva, Zheleznodorozhnyy Raykom first secretary; Sh. Klichev, former secretary of the party organization at the D. Rasulov sovkhoz, Lllichevskiy Rayon; M.Yu. Yusufdzhanov, Chkalovskiy Gorkom first secretary.

The Tajik CP Central Committee adopted the appropriate resolutions following discussion of these questions.

The plenum also dealt with an administrative matter. In view of her confirma- tion as deputy chairperson of the All-Union Znaniye Society, G.B. Bobosadykova

was released from her duties as Tajik CP Central Committee secretary and buro member.

A.I. Mayorets, CPSU Central Committee member and USSR minister of power and electrification, took part in the plenum activities.

The Tajik CP Central Committee plenum thereupon completed its work.

(An account of the proceedings of the Sixth Tajik CP Central Committee Plenum will be published. )

CSO: 1830/647

13

PARTY, STATE AFFAIRS

KIRGHIZ MINISTER CRITICIZED FOR LOW QUALITY GOODS Frunze SOVETSKAYA KIRGIZIYA in Russian 5 Apr 87 p 12

[Unattributed report: "In the Kirghiz SSR Committee of People's Control: The Ministry of Local Industry: No Change" ]

[Text] Tne People's Control Committee of the Kirghiz SSR has examined how the resolution they adopted on November 25, 1985 "On the Fulfillment of the State Plan for the Production and Delivery of Consumer Goods in a Given Assortment and Possessing Quality in the Clothing Branch Enterprises of tne Ministry of Local Industry of the Kirghiz SSR" is being fulfilled.

Tne study indicated that the Ministry of Local Industry of the Republic (minister, comrade K. A. Abdraev) and the majority of the enterprises of the clothing and fur branches under his jurisdiction have not conducted a fundamental restructuring [perestroika] in light of the requirements of the Party and government, and have not taken effective measures to eliminate the problems noted earlier by the People’s Control Committee of the Kirghiz SSR.

In the past year, more than five million rubles worth of goods were not delivered to consumers. An agreement on the delivery of products was not fulfilled by 9 out of 15 enterprises. In the assortment of goods, 8.5 million rubles worth of products were not delivered. The principle reasons for the failure to meet the targets were the untimely production and technological preparation for production, the unevenness of work and rush work, the poor state of equipment, and also serious neglect in the preparation and consolidation of cadres. As usual, the quality and the technological level of the products have not met the requirements of the buyers. The proportion of the products of improved quality with the index "N" is low, and wholesale firms and state inspection organs have rejected one out of five items. Economic sanctions have been applied to 70 percent of the enterprises, and the total number of sanctions has increased by 1.5 times in comparison with 1985 and reached 400 thousand rubles. An integrated system to control the quality of products is not functioning, many production processes are not monitored, and responsibility for the production of rejects has been minimized. The production control branch (OTK) crgans are not ensuring an objective evaluation of the quality of products. There is a persistent striving to maintain the planned indices through increasing the output of less labor intensive and unplanned products, part of which are not sold. As a result,

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there were 1,400,000 rubles worth of excess finished products just at the enterprises that were monitored as of January 1, 1987.

An extremely unfavorable situation ensued at the Alawedin Fur Production Union (General Director comrade A. 0. Omuraliev, Chief Engineer comrade V. N. Gorbunova). Here the production of fur products dropped against 1985 figures, with a deficiency of more than two million rubles. In addition, 282 million rubles worth of fur which had been processed for sewing into fur products was not delivered to organizations of the Ministry of Domestic Services for the Public. A check of a portion of the raw materials, indicated that it was agoth- eaten. The raw materials are being uneconomically used, and their timely reception and preparation are not being ensured. The General Director of the Union comrade A. 0. Omuraliev remained aloof from decisions on production questions.

The director of a wool and fur factory, comrade R. R. Sayfullin showed personal irresponsibility when a batch of defective half-finished products were produced under his direction for sewing fur articles. He also ignored a ban by the Republican Directorate of the USSR Committee on State Standards on the production of men's jackets, 45 percent of which were found to be defective during a check.

A similar situation ensued in the Emgek Republican Domestic Labor Production Union (acting General Director, comrade B. U. Urmambetov, Chief Engineer, comrade K. Abdymomunova). Last year, almost 800 tnousand rubles worth of products were not delivered to market consumers thougn raw materials and other Materials were all completely available. A plan for producing and delivering school aprons for girls, clothing outfits for boys, and medical clothing was not fulfilled. Instead more than a nalf million rubles worth of unplanned products were sewn, part of which accumulated in the union warehouse. The work of the home laborers was poorly used here, while the engineering services operated weakly, and the waste was great (GTK director comrade A. N. Utkina).

In a resolution adopted by the People's Control Committee of the Kirghiz SSR, it is stated the" the Ministry of Local Industry and primarily the First Deputy Minister comrade S. Zh. Balbakova, approached the tasks placed before his branch without the proper responsibility.

The People's Control Committee of the Kirghiz SSR has pointed out to the Minister of Lec21 industry of the Kirghiz SSR comrade K. A. Abdraev, the presence of the most gross breach of state, plan and contractual discipline, and the low quality of consumer products produced in the majority of enterprises responsible to him. It is suggested that ne consider this problem with his colleagues and take effective measures to eliminate the deficiencies and violations discovered by the examination. First Deputy Minister of Local Industry of the Republic, comrade S. Zh. Balbakov was issued a stern reprimand with a fine of one month's pay amounting to 310 rubles.

For the gross violations of state discipline and disorder in production, strict reprimands were issued to tne General Director of the Alamedin Fur Production Union, comrade A. 0. Omuraliev and to the director of the wool-fur factory of the Aiamedin MPO [not further expanded], comrade R. R. Sayfullin.

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In partial compensation for the material losses, caused to the state, the latter was given a fine of one month's pay amounting to 185 rubles.

It was taken into consideration that the People’s Control Committees of the Osh Oblast, Talas Oblast and the city have called the leaders of oblast directorates and a number of enterprises of the Ministry of Local Industry to account. The Naryn city People's Control Committee has been entrusted to consider the question of responsibility for the low quality of the products produced, the non-fulfillment of the agreed upon obligations of the officials of the Naryn Wool Factory.

13376 CSO: 1830/571

16

MEDIA, PROPAGANDA

TAJIK VETERANS RECOUNT "DUSHMAN' ATROCITIES Dushanbe AGITATOR TADZHIKISTANA in Russian No 7, Apr 87 pp 22-24

{Article by D. Grigoryev, free-lance correspondent of AGITATOR TADZHIKISTANA, under the rubric "Soviet Patriotism": ‘The Truth About Dushman"; first paragraph is source introduction]

(Text) The Palace of Culture of the kolkhoz "Kossiya" in the Leninskiy Rayon had not seen such a number of people as on that night for a long time. The 500-seat hall was full. Everyone came, young and old, to the meeting with former soldiers who had performed their international duty as part of the limited contingent of Soviet troops in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

Fellow villagers came to look at their own hero-countrymen. On people who just like themselves were farmers, cotton growers and machine operators--Fato Khasanov, Tursun Sirodzniddinov, Rakhmatullo Akhmadaliyev, Radzhabd Odinayev and Alkhamiddin Tursunov. .. They came to hear firsthand the truth about the dushman, so that togetber they would all voice an angry protest against their heinous crimes. The village workers cane to hold those up to shame who still hope to turn back the gains of the April revolution even now, when the armistice has begun.

And the former soldier-internationalists related their stories. They told the truth about the dushman. Even though these events are 2-3 years old, they are still terrifying in their cruelty.

+ « « The bandits attacked tne kishlak Bagram in the deep of the night. After slaughtering the small self-defense detachment, they began to search each home. They searched for parents, wives and the children of those who sided with the national authorities. There was no limit to the cruelty. In one of the homes, the dushman shot a 7-year old girl point-blank.

After coming home, a minister of religion from the kishlak Bakharak in Badakhshanskaya Province, found his wife and son killed. With words of damnation, he rushed to seek out those who did this. And he found them... The dushman beat him up savagely. This is the way they made short work of the family. They took vengeance only because the minister of religion refused to help tne bandits in their dirty work.

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» «+ « Alongside pretty dolls and toy elephants and autumobiles there lay several bloodied bodies of Afghan children. The dushman, after mining a box with children's toys, tossed it into a schoolyard.

That is the terrible truth about the dushman. . .

The truth was heard from the moutns of eye witnesses--20-to-22-year old lads from Tadzhikistan, who not very long ago knew about such a war only from books and movies. And then they encountered this cruel truth face-to-face...

The people in the hall did not quiet down that night for = long time. And it is not surprising: it is not really possibdle to listeu to such things with indifference. The old men, women and children listened with bated breath to tnose who